Thinking vs. Knowing: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Presuppositions

What's the difference between "thinking" and "knowing"? What rules do we follow for adjusting our conversational worlds? In this week's episode, we delve into the semantics and pragmatics of presuppositions: which words come equipped with them, how presuppositions depend on the situation and our mental worlds, and what antipresuppositions can tell us about the mechanics of interpreting sentences. This is Topic #87! This week's tag language: Ewe! Related videos: How Do Conversations Work? Gricean Maxims - https://youtu.be/rzxyjFHh-y8 How Do We Build Meaning With Math? Set Theory and Adjectives - https://youtu.be/M96aiDk2ePw How Do We Capture the Truth of Beliefs? Type Theory - https://youtu.be/CWE9ycOxCEQ Last episode: How Do We Put Sentences Inside Other Sentences? Complementizer Phrases - https://youtu.be/q9g77Wj5wr0 Other of our semantics and pragmatics videos: How Do We Create a Shared World in Conversation? Common Ground - https://youtu.be/gQqXmhqM13U How Does One Greek Letter Help Us Understand Language? Lambda Calculus - https://youtu.be/BwWQDzXBuwg How Do We Signal What's Important in Conversation? Information Structure - https://youtu.be/gZ6o8yFvJYI Our website also has extra content about this week's topic, discussing why presuppositions are so resilient, at: http://www.thelingspace.com/episode-87/ Find us on all the social media worlds: Tumblr: http://thelingspace.tumblr.com/ Twitter: http://twitter.com/TheLingSpace Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/thelingspace/ And at our website, http://www.thelingspace.com/ ! You can also find our store at the website, https://thelingspace.storenvy.com/ We also have forums to discuss this episode, and linguistics more generally. Sources: Most information in this episode comes from this paper: http://semanticsarchive.net/Archive/GI3YzhlM/AntipresuppositionsVersion1.pdf For more information on scalar implicatures, we also used: https://web.stanford.edu/class/linguist236/implicature/materials/ling236-handout-04-23-scalars.pdf Looking forward to next time!

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2017/03/30 The Ling Space   Share on Facebook

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