Word Origins - semantics, meaning change over time (Etymology 2 of 2)

Etymology explores the origin of words - the history and development of individual words in a language. It asks a question you're likely familiar with: "where did this word come from?" The last video introduced etymology as a diachronic (historical) method that seeks to recover and build the history of words. It payed special attention to the way sounds change over time, and presented ways scholars trace a word back to its earliest retrievable form (etymon). In this video, I shift the attention to semantics. Like sound change, meaning change is a dynamic process. Consider various types of semantic change (abstract to concrete, general to specific), origins of meaning change (calques, semantic borrowings) and changes that reveal connections between meaning & use (like archaic, poetic & obsolete words). I'll cap it off with the basic conventions you'll want to notice when looking up an etymology, or follow when doing an etymology. I'll also look at common sources of etymologies (dictionaries, popular "folk etymologies" and onomastics). www.nativlang.com/linguistics

TARGET AD 2
2011/07/18 NativLang   Share on Facebook

RELATED VIDEOS

Etymology - sound change, roots & derivation (Etymology 1 of 2)
Play Video

Etymology - sound change, roots & derivation (Etymology 1 of 2)

2011/07/07
21 English Words with Strange and Surprising Origins
Play Video

21 English Words with Strange and Surprising Origins

2017/01/05
Etymology and surprising origins of words
Play Video

Etymology and surprising origins of words

2017/09/24
English Usage: Vocabulary-1 (Roots/ Etymology)
Play Video

English Usage: Vocabulary-1 (Roots/ Etymology)

2015/09/16
The Concept of Language (Noam Chomsky)
Play Video

The Concept of Language (Noam Chomsky)

2014/03/12
The Caucasus: Mountains Full of Languages
Play Video

The Caucasus: Mountains Full of Languages

2017/04/26
Etymology Documentary
Play Video

Etymology Documentary

2011/02/07
Steven Pinker: Linguistics as a Window to Understanding the Brain
Play Video

Steven Pinker: Linguistics as a Window to Understanding the Brain

2012/10/03
The Origin of English Words (English Etymology)
Play Video

The Origin of English Words (English Etymology)

2015/09/13
[Introduction to Linguistics] (OLD) Ambiguity, Entailment, Paraphrase, and Contradictions
Play Video

[Introduction to Linguistics] (OLD) Ambiguity, Entailment, Paraphrase, and Contradictions

2015/02/16
Semantic Shift
Play Video

Semantic Shift

2015/03/11
What Is Semantics?
Play Video

What Is Semantics?

2012/09/27
SEM103 - Historical Semantics
Play Video

SEM103 - Historical Semantics

2013/09/09
Learn GRE Vocabulary through Etymology
Play Video

Learn GRE Vocabulary through Etymology

2014/08/13
Hungarian explained - such long words, such an isolated language
Play Video

Hungarian explained - such long words, such an isolated language

2016/12/13
Syntax vs Semantics (Philosophical Distinctions)
Play Video

Syntax vs Semantics (Philosophical Distinctions)

2015/09/17
Intro to Historical Linguistics: Cognates, Borrowed Words & Chance Resemblance (lesson 2 of 4)
Play Video

Intro to Historical Linguistics: Cognates, Borrowed Words & Chance Resemblance (lesson 2 of 4)

2012/05/31
What is meaning? Semantics, semiotics, logic & the meaning of words -- Linguistics & Logic 101
Play Video

What is meaning? Semantics, semiotics, logic & the meaning of words -- Linguistics & Logic 101

2012/09/05
SEM101 - Word Semantics
Play Video

SEM101 - Word Semantics

2012/09/14
What are semantics?
Play Video

What are semantics?

2014/02/24
Does time work differently in different languages? - Hopi Time
Play Video

Does time work differently in different languages? - Hopi Time

2017/07/06
How do the meanings of words change over time?
Play Video

How do the meanings of words change over time?

2013/06/25
Semantic Triangle of Meaning for Interpersonal Communication
Play Video

Semantic Triangle of Meaning for Interpersonal Communication

2011/02/25
The Mysterious SEALED Temple Door NO ONE Can Open: Last Door of Padmanabhaswamy
Play Video

The Mysterious SEALED Temple Door NO ONE Can Open: Last Door of Padmanabhaswamy

2017/06/02
These Are the Events That Will Happen Before 2050
Play Video

These Are the Events That Will Happen Before 2050

2017/09/22
The Arabic Language: Its Amazing History and Features
Play Video

The Arabic Language: Its Amazing History and Features

2017/04/23
A brief history of plural word...s - John McWhorter
Play Video

A brief history of plural word...s - John McWhorter

2013/07/19
What Is semantics - Define semantics Definition & Meaning | WhatIsDictionary.com
Play Video

What Is semantics - Define semantics Definition & Meaning | WhatIsDictionary.com

2016/09/19
what is semantic?
Play Video

what is semantic?

2010/09/10
The Semantic Web - An Overview
Play Video

The Semantic Web - An Overview

2011/04/23
Why Is Blue So Rare In Nature?
Play Video

Why Is Blue So Rare In Nature?

2018/01/07
Why sin and cos don
Play Video

Why sin and cos don't mean anything

2018/01/24
The Indo-European Connection
Play Video

The Indo-European Connection

2017/03/08
50 years of Linguistics at MIT, Lecture 6
Play Video

50 years of Linguistics at MIT, Lecture 6

2011/12/15
The Origin of English Words
Play Video

The Origin of English Words

2011/06/14
The role of
Play Video

The role of 'semantics': what is the meaning of 'meaning'? -- Part 3 of 6

2011/11/04
Etymology: Intermediate and Advanced Vocabulary
Play Video

Etymology: Intermediate and Advanced Vocabulary

2013/06/23
What is the origin of the word
Play Video

What is the origin of the word 'OK'?

2015/04/30
SEM114 - Theories of Word Meaning
Play Video

SEM114 - Theories of Word Meaning

2013/04/03
The Complexity of Kanji
Play Video

The Complexity of Kanji

2017/12/26
Languages Without Verb Tenses?!
Play Video

Languages Without Verb Tenses?!

2017/10/24
Why Did English Become the International Language?
Play Video

Why Did English Become the International Language?

2017/10/01
These Ancient Relics Are So Advanced They Shouldn
Play Video

These Ancient Relics Are So Advanced They Shouldn't Exist...

2017/10/24
Simulation Theory 2017, We are waking up!!!!
Play Video

Simulation Theory 2017, We are waking up!!!!

2017/10/02
A TALE OF SEMANTICS
Play Video

A TALE OF SEMANTICS

2009/05/27
Word Origins Hiding in Plain Sight
Play Video

Word Origins Hiding in Plain Sight

2015/12/08
Getting A Word In: Contact, Etymology and English Vocabulary in the Twelfth Century
Play Video

Getting A Word In: Contact, Etymology and English Vocabulary in the Twelfth Century

2013/11/29
Put Vinegar into a Toilet, and Watch What Happens
Play Video

Put Vinegar into a Toilet, and Watch What Happens

2017/05/25
Powered by YouTube

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.