How do we capture the meaning of "may" or "can"? What kinds of linguistic math do we need to understand them? In this week's episode, we take a look at modality: where words like "must" fit in our meanings; how we consider many ways the world could be to account for their semantics; and how the same string of sounds can have a lot of flavours. This is Topic #90! This week's tag language: Cornish! Related videos: Logical Connections: How Logical Is Language? https://youtu.be/lw4ykgRtv3Q Let's Talk About Sets: How Do We Build Meaning with Math? https://youtu.be/M96aiDk2ePw Quantifying Sets and Toasters: What Does "Most" Even Mean? https://youtu.be/U1l3C_hmjqM Last episode: Relatively Close: How Can Sentences Work Like Adjectives? https://youtu.be/Bra5gExyPbY Other of our semantics and pragmatics videos: Topic of Focus: How Do We Signal What's Important When We Talk? https://youtu.be/gZ6o8yFvJYI Downward Spiral: Why Can't "Any" Go Just Anywhere? https://youtu.be/vd8cjyxHQdw Building Common Ground: How Do We Build Shared Worlds in Conversation? https://youtu.be/gQqXmhqM13U Our website also has extra content about this week's topic, on the syntax of modals, at: http://www.thelingspace.com/episode-90/ Find us on all the social media worlds: Tumblr: http://thelingspace.tumblr.com/ Twitter: http://twitter.com/TheLingSpace Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/thelingspace/ And at our website, http://www.thelingspace.com/ ! You can also find our store at the website, https://thelingspace.storenvy.com/ We also have forums to discuss this episode, and linguistics more generally. Sources: A good portion of the presentation was based off of Kai von Fintel's Intensional Semantics notes (http://web.mit.edu/fintel/fintel-heim-intensional.pdf) We also consulted Angelika Kratzer's papers from 1977, 1981, and 1991, where all these ideas about modality originally come from: The 1977 paper: http://semantics.uchicago.edu/kennedy/classes/s08/semantics2/kratzer77.pdf The 1981 paper: http://semantics.uchicago.edu/kennedy/classes/s08/semantics2/kratzer81.pdf The 1991 paper: https://udrive.oit.umass.edu/kratzer/kratzer-modality.pdf For background -- historical and otherwise -- we consulted Basic Concepts in Modal Logic (https://mally.stanford.edu/notes.pdf) and William Starr's lecture notes: (http://williamstarr.net/teaching.html). Finally, we drew some inspiration from Seth Cable's recent (and wonderfully lucid) Formal Semantics notes: http://people.umass.edu/scable/LING620-SP17/Handouts/ Looking forward to next time!
What is meaning? Semantics, semiotics, logic & the meaning of words -- Linguistics & Logic 101
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